This article, by Talia Feldberg, was published on Patch.com
New York holds a long tradition of embracing diverse immigrant communities who come to America seeking better lives. After World War II ended, the metropolitan area saw a substantial increase in Jewish immigrants, sheltering thousands of persecuted and displaced refugees. Today, many NYC charities and organizations still honor that legacy.
Selfhelp Community Services, a nonprofit organization founded in 1936 to help those fleeing Nazi Germany build lives in America, now provides support for the rent-burdened elderly. The Joseph and Pauline Charatan residence, located at 333 Lenox Road in Brooklyn, began moving in residents of all backgrounds, including half a dozen Holocaust survivors, during the winter of 2018. With a ribbon cutting ceremony scheduled for later this year, all residents are now settled into its 57 apartments.
Debrah Lee Charatan, a real estate veteran and Selfhelp chair member, sponsors the organization through her charity, The Charatan/Holm Family Foundation. Charatan has always been attracted to philanthropist pursuits surrounding Jewish heritage and culture, but the mission proved especially important to her being the daughter of Holocaust survivors for whom the residence is named.
Drawn to the inspiring stories of these survivors, Charatan is thrilled with Selfhelp’s unique ability to provide them, and all of its 65 tenants, with a full-time social worker to ensure each resident gets the care they need.
“For survivors who have experienced so much anguish in their lifetimes, it’s an honor to help care for residents so they can live happily and comfortably in their golden years,” says Charatan.
One such resident and survivor, Mr. P, was referred by Selfhelp’s Holocaust Survivor Program. Having previously lived in an overcrowded apartment where he slept on a couch, Mr. P is now overjoyed and grateful to have his own apartment at the Lenox Road residences where he serves as a translator for those who speak Russian.
“A lot of times these residents have no living family members or friends in the area, but Selfhelp allows them to stay active members within their own community,” says Debrah Lee Charatan.
Another resident and survivor, 81-year-old Mr. S, speaks Russian as his first language and Hungarian as his second. He moved to the United States to be closer to his son after having lived in Israel for 27 years where his wife passed away. In NYC, he ended up sharing a bedroom in a bad housing situation, paying more than 50 percent of his income on rent. At first, it was a struggle for Mr. S to move because he wasn’t familiar with the neighborhood and it was his first time living independently. But as they do for other residents, the Selfhelp team helped him get acquainted with the area, and introduced him to the neighborhood’s local grocery store and post office.
Debrah Lee Charatan believes that Selfhelp’s dedication to these residents helps make an already resilient group of survivors feel stronger through the independent lifestyles they provide while also giving them emotional support through a strong social community.
Mrs. Z, 79-years-old, is another survivor who faced rent insecurity before moving into the Lenox Road property. She paid more rent than her income allowed which became burdensome on her family. Overwhelmed and concerned she was losing her independence, she qualified for affordable housing through a special government program and now rents an apartment at a lower rate. Mrs. Z is happy she can remain financially independent.
“I think their stories are a beautiful testimony to how far they’ve come since the dire experiences of the Holocaust,” says Charatan. “To watch them rebuild their lives even when they haven’t had the means to do so, is truly inspiring.”
One of Selfhelp’s research projects found that by 2020, there will be over 38,000 Holocaust survivors who are over 75 years old — the age at which the cohort begins to require special services. This last generation is expected to have complex needs, both health-related and economic. An estimated 52 percent of survivors who will be considered ‘poor’ at this time will have significant needs for home health care and financial assistance, highlighting the current usefulness of organizations like Selfhelp in years to come.
No matter these survivors’ personal stories, Charatan believes the messages we can learn from them inform our own personal relationship with our Jewish heritage and culture which can, in turn, build stronger bonds with our local communities.
“The more we shine a light on these survivors’ struggles,” says Charatan, “the more we can embrace their experiences and our own history in a more impactful way.”
Today, New York City’s Lower East Side (LES) neighborhood is known for its eclectic mix of bistros, bodegas and Buddhist temples that have overtaken now-defunct synagogues nestled in between many old shmatte shops; remnants which pay tribute to a bygone era.
Around the turn of the century, the Lower East Side was known largely for its international Jewish community. While the landscape may have dramatically transformed over time, many Jewish monuments and locations can still be found throughout the neighborhood.
A walking tour of LES’s Jewish monuments and landmarks offer insight into the community’s significant heritage within NYC’s historical, cultural melting pot. As you explore the working class neighborhood, check out some of these prominent, Jewish religious sites, local attractions and eateries:
Eldridge Street Synagogue
12 Eldridge St. near Division Street
Amidst Chinese restaurants, hair salons and local fish markets, the Eldridge Street Synagogue stands out as a major Jewish-American landmark. Designed and built over a century ago, the temple became the first Eastern European Orthodox Jewish synagogue in the United States. In 2007, the building was renovated and is now preserved as the Museum at Eldridge Street reflecting a mix of Romanesque, Moorish and Gothic architecture. A feast for the eyes, the historic gem boasts 70-foot vaulted ceilings, stained-glass windows, trompe l’oeil murals and intricate carvings. The congregation remains active and continues to celebrate the Sabbath, hosting religious services on the first-floor bes medrash. Visitors can take advantage of informal tours or enjoy exploring and photographing the synagogues well-known architecture.
Angel Orensanz Foundation
172 Norfolk Street near E. Houston Street
Currently the site of the Angel Orensanz Foundation, the building was once the site of the oldest synagogue in NYC. Shut down for a decade, the building was vandalized until Orensanz purchased the property in 1986 and converted the landmark into an art studio. However, visitors can still admire the synagogue’s beauty, designed by Berlin architect, Alexander Saelzer, who took inspiration from the Cologne Cathedral. Founded in 1849, the synagogue became the largest one in the United States, holding up to 1,500 worshipers. Today, the foundation hosts occasional shabbas and offers a variety of cultural programs in addition to hosting weddings and bar mitzvahs.
7-11 Willett Street near Grand Street
Erected in 1826, the Bialystoker Synagogue holds an important presence in the crosscultural diaspora of America’s historic sites. The Federal-style building was originally used as a Methodist church — but also a stop on the Underground Railroad. History buffs and visitors can still spot a door and a 200-year-old ladder leading along the balcony to an attic where escaped slaves hid during the Civil War. In 1905, the building was converted into a synagogue after a congregation of Polish Jews purchased it and incorporated a stunning, three-story ark, complete with paintings of zodiac symbols corresponding to Jewish calendar across the sanctuary’s ceilings. Bialystoker still offers services for a 300-member congregation.
East Broadway Landmarks
East Broadway blocks between Jefferson and Montgomery Streets
Along a stretch of East Broadway, visitors can pay tribute to the site where a handful of turn-of-the-century Jewish landmarks and a small Orthodox community once thrived. This stretch is also home to the Lower East Side Jewish Conservancy. You can find tours and events hosted by this educational and cultural organization online.
175 E. Broadway at Canal Street
The site was once the headquarters of The Jewish Daily Forward, a Yiddish-language paper promoting social reform and seeking to expose its readers to American culture and customs.
East Broadway between Clinton and Montgomery Streets
Worshipers still gather at this site where a series of former tenement buildings, converted into shuls, once stood.
205 Houston Street at Ludlow Street
What’s a trip to New York without a stop at the famous Katz’s Delicatessen? As the oldest deli in New York and the only diner where pastrami and corned beef are still hand-cut. Katz’s is an international and cultural treasure for both locals and tourists. Once you enter, take a ticket and either wait for a table or withstand the lines. Photos of celebrities and politicians decorate the walls and you’ll spot the table where Meg Ryan and Billy Crystal ate in When Harry Met Sally.
Russ & Daughters
179 East Houston Street near First Avenue
Operating since 1914, the specialty grocery store has hardly changed since its early days. Run by the Russ family, the store sells everything from fresh fish and cheeses to chocolates and baked goods. Check out the historic photographs displayed above the counters. At this shop, you can still find some of the freshest traditional Jewish dietary staples from smoked salmon to a classic bagel and lox, homemade pickled herring and Caspian Sea caviar.
A visit to these sites may be nostalgic for some and enlightening for others. It’s always a treat for the opportunity to explore the sites of one’s cultural heritage, especially in a city that acknowledges the sacrifices and contributions of its immigrant communities. I often remember what the Jewish Heritage Mural in the Lower East Side once stated: “Our Strength Is Our Heritage, Our Heritage Is Our Life.”
Late last year, I was excited to learn about Poland’s plans to open The Warsaw Ghetto Museum, a state-of-the-art facility dedicated to the Jews who were imprisoned and murdered in Poland’s Warsaw Ghetto during Nazi occupation in World War II.
Currently undergoing extensive renovations in Poland’s capital, the museum will be housed in a former children’s hospital founded by Jewish philanthropists in the late 19th century; a building which was enclosed within the ghetto’s walls. The facility is slated to open in 2023 on the 80th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising which was the single largest revolt by Jews during the war and ended in the tragic loss of 13,000 Jewish people.
Daniel Blatman, the chief historian of the institution, says it will be the first Polish museum to focus entirely on the Holocaust, although Poland has numerous commemoration sites across the country including at the former Auschwitz concentration camp.
Blatman, a Holocaust historian at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, outlined ambitious plans for the museum.
In an interview with the Associated Press, Blatman says, “What I would like to achieve is a wide perspective of Jewish life and death during the Nazi occupation through the perspective of the history of the Warsaw ghetto.” He also described plans to address the experiences of Jews throughout Poland in that era, including the many other ghettos created by the occupying Germans.
Another key mission of the museum will be to showcase the fate of Poland’s Jews as part of both Jewish and Polish history.
“Polish Jews who perished during the Holocaust perished as Polish citizens of Jewish origin. And I believe that the right way to present the history of that in Warsaw is to find ways to integrate it into the overall picture of this city under Nazi occupation,” says Blatman. “There was a wall separating Jews and Poles during the Holocaust but that wall was created neither by Jews nor by Poles. It was created by the Germans.”
The project has been met with some controversy. Some accuse Blatman and the right-wing Polish government of centering Poland’s national memory around a constructed narrative that exalts Poles in saving Jews while minimizing their responsibility and/or complacency in the persecution of the Jewish population.
Hava Dreifuss, a history professor at Tel Aviv University who also heads Yad Vashem’s Center for Research on the Holocaust in Poland denied the museum’s request to hire her as a researcher due to the issue.
“The Polish government is trying to advance research and commemoration of the Holocaust as long as it involves Jews who were killed by the Germans,” Dreifuss says.
During the Holocaust, Dreifuss mentions there were also many Jews who perished as a result of direct or indirect Polish involvement. She believes the regime is trying to avoid or limit addressing these matters, despite the existence of a great deal of documentation and research.
Blatman, however, ensures critics that he hasn’t encountered any political involvement during the planning stages and has worked in full academic freedom. He says, “I wouldn’t have agreed to work as a historian in a place where I’d be required to bend my professional approach to political considerations.”
Museum director, Albert Stankowski, includes that despite these claims, the museum is independent and will present an objective overview of the Poles who aided Jews and those who were culpable in their deaths.
Nearly 3.3 million people of Jewish faith and heritage lived in Poland on the eve of German occupation, but nearly all of them lost their lives during the war, making up half of all Jews killed in the Holocaust. Holding Jewish-Polish heritage myself, I hope that the museum’s mission stays true in honoring and educating others on the legacy of these powerful stories.
In November, The Jewish Museum and Film Society of the Lincoln Center announced that the 28th New York Jewish Film Festival (NYJFF) will be held from January 9 – January 22, 2019. The annual cultural event presents the finest narratives, documentaries and short films on the Jewish experience each year and will feature new work and restored classics by international filmmakers. The 2019 lineup includes 30 wide-ranging features ranging from iconic to iconoclastic.
On opening day, the festival kicks off with Eric Barbier’s epic film Promise at Dawn which stars Charlotte Gainsbourg and Pierre Niney. The memoir details the colorful life of the infamous French author Romain Garey from his childhood conning Polish high society until his service in the Free French Air Forces.
The film festival’s centerpiece selection showcases the 3.5 hour miniseries, Autonomies, directed by Yehonatan Indursky. Set amidst an alternative reality in present-day Israel, the dystopian drama depicts a custody battle between two warring factions: the State of Israel and an ultra-Orthodox Haredi autonomy. The universal tale focuses on themes of identity, religion, love, politics and personal freedom.
Both returning and new filmmakers will make their mark on the festival this year. Amos Gitai returns with a cerebral drama, A Tramway in Jerusalem, which connects short vignettes of the city’s Arab and Jewish life with the tramway as the film’s thematic and metaphorical vehicle. Additionally, first-time director Aäläm-Wärqe Davidian will premiere Fig Tree in the U.S. The drama follows a young woman who plans to flee to Israel during the Ethiopian Civil War with her family, but not before trying to save her Christian boyfriend from the draft.
Documentaries will also explore the power of Jewish history and heritage. Roberta Grossman’s gripping documentary Who Will Write Our History? uses archival material uncovered after WWII to tell the story of a resistance group in the Warsaw Ghetto during Nazi occupation and examines the everyday life in occupied Warsaw. Guests might also want to check out Dear Freddy from Rubi Gat. The documentary tells the story of a proud and openly gay Jew in Nazi Germany who later protected hundreds of children in the Theresienstadt and Auschwitz concentration camps by setting up a day care center.
Special programs will premiere the new digital restoration of Ewald Andrew Dupont’s 1923 silent film, The Ancient Law, with a new score and live accompaniment by pianist Donald Sosin and violinist Alicia Svigals.
The NYJFF is among the oldest and most prominent Jewish film festivals in the world and is made possible by the Martin and Doris Payson Fund for Film and Media. Devoted to preserving and elevating art and culture, The Jewish Museum and Film Society of the Lincoln Center have remained honored hosts of the event since the festival’s establishment in 1992, helping to double the event in size and scope.
Shining a spotlight on our Jewish heritage is a great way to encourage a shared passion for film and an understanding of Jewish history and culture. Check out the list of the full lineup at the Film Society of the Lincoln Center’s website. Screenings will be shown at the Walter Reade Theater, 165 West 65th Street in NYC.
Maira Kalman’s “The Elements of Style” Collection Acquired by the Jewish Museum and New York Public Library
The Elements of Style is a grammar reference book originally published by William Strunk Jr. in 1918. It was edited by E.B. White in 1959, whose edition popularized the text. Kalman, a well-known designer, author, illustrator and artist, adapted the book with her own playfully irreverent illustrations of the book’s grammatical rules and phrases. It has since become one of her most well-received projects.
She discovered the book in 2002 while at a used bookstore, finding it amusing and subject to visual interpretation. The illustrations in the series depict humorous interpretations of the text: for example, one image depicts a guilty-looking basset hound using one of the book’s grammatical phrases, “Well, Susan, this is a fine mess you’re in.”
Tony Marx, New York Public Library President and Claudia Gould, The Jewish Museum’s Helen Goldsmith Menschel Director, both praised Kalman’s work and espoused their excitement in obtaining the full collection. “We are so proud to partner with The Jewish Museum to acquire the 50-plus paintings from this significant contemporary work,which exemplifies the very nature of what happens in our research libraries every day: primary sources being used to create new works,” said Marx told Broadway World.
Gould had similar sentiments. “This is the first time that the Jewish Museum has collaborated with another institution on a major acquisition,” she said. “The joint acquisition with The New York Public Library of Kalman’s paintings for The Elements of Style allows us to significantly expand our holdings of Kalman’s work with this witty, incisive series by a unique illustrator, artist, and author.”
Kalman commented, “Since I am Jewish and since I adore libraries, isn’t it thrilling that these two glorious institutions share the work. I make books. And I make art. The works are the intersection of these, mixed with a great dollop of curiosity. In a kind of Talmudic manner, I think E.B. White would be pleased. Doesn’t it all make complete wonderful sense!”
The Jewish Museum exhibited a retrospective of Kalman’s work in 2011 titled Maira Kalman: Various Illuminations (of a Crazy World), organized by the Institute of Contemporary Art in Philadelphia. The Jewish Museum’s collection also includes six works on paper by Kalman, and commissioned her in 2014 to create a mural for Russ & Daughters, the Jewish Museum’s restaurant. It was finished in 2015 and titled In This Life, There Was Very Much.
The New York Public Library named Kalman a Library Lion in 2015 for her contributions to the city and the creative community. She is currently working on illustrations for a book about libraries, which will be published in partnership with Macmillan Publishers and the Library.
Kalman’s The Elements of Style illustration series was showcased in its entirety for the first time in 2017 at the Julie Saul Gallery. Kalman has previously sold individual works from collections before, but made the decision to keep the series as a single body of work.
Maira Kalman was born in Tel Aviv in 1949 and moved to New York when she was four. She currently lives in Manhattan. Kalman has published 18 children’s books, writing and illustrating most of them herself, and is a frequent contributor to The New Yorker. She is currently working on an illustrated column for The New Yorker based on her travels to museums and libraries. She is currently represented by the Julie Saul Gallery.
The New York Public Library is a provider of education and information for the people of New York City. There are 92 locations throughout the Bronx, Manhattan and Staten Island, offering free materials, computer access, classes, exhibitions, programming and more. They serve more than 18 million patrons annually, and millions more through online resources.
The Jewish Museum is a unique hub for art and Jewish culture, accessible to people of all backgrounds. It is one of the oldest Jewish museums in the world, and the first institution of its kind in the United States. The Museum offers a wide variety of programs and exhibitions, with nearly 30,000 works of art, ceremonial objects and media in their collection, spanning over 4,000 years of history.
For Chai Lifeline, it is of the utmost importance that seriously ill children and their families have the opportunity to lead normal and fulfilling lives. The organization’s members, including 7,000 volunteers worldwide, strive to give emotional and social support to those struggling with illness by offering a wide variety of services and experiences to provide children, families and communities with a peace of mind that is otherwise hard to come by.
Chai Lifeline is most well-known for their summer program Camp Simcha, a camp in Glen Spey, NY that offers a full range of camp activities to children on active treatment, one of the only cancer camps to do so. Camp Simcha Special was initiated in 2001, the first camp designed to accommodate the needs of children with more than 60 different diagnoses. The programs offer traditional camp activities such as craft making, sports, talent shows, swimming, boating and much more. All equipment is modified to be accessible to every child. There is also a family center on the campus for families to stay while camp isn’t in session, if they need it.
Aside from Camp Simcha, Chai Lifeline offers a number of special events and programs for ill children and families, such as family days, holiday parties, sporting events and live shows. In the past, Chai Lifeline has helped organize trips to the Super Bowl, Orlando trips to the various theme parks, and even a 10-day trip to Israel for teens called “Wish at the Wall.”
The organization runs Chai House, a residence located near The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia to house families spending longer periods of time in the hospital. Chai Lifeline gives kids educational assistance too, with services like ChaiLink connecting homebound children to classrooms via webcam, and the Homebound Educational Learning Program for tutoring children who are recovering or in the hospital.
Chai Lifeline aims to help the families who are struggling alongside their ill child. The organization offers Big Brothers and Sisters to ill children, and extends this service to siblings as well. Insurance support, case managers, and counselors guide parents in dealing with their child’s illness, building long-lasting relationships in the process. Chai Lifeline also provides transportation to and from medical appointments, and sends meals to patients’ homes when parents are too busy caring for their sick child, ensuring that every member of the family is taken care off.
In addition, Chai Lifeline is dedicated to contributing to the community, and has developed the Project C.H.A.I. Crisis Intervention program, which aids parents, children, teachers, and clergy in coping with traumatic events. The team specializes in providing emotional and professional support to all members of the community. The project has helped communities work through tragedies such as Leiby Kletzky’s death in 2011 and natural disasters like Hurricane Sandy in 2012.
The Charatan/Holm Family Foundation is proud to support Chai Lifeline’s admirable goal of raising the emotional quality of life for children with chronic or genetic illnesses, and their non-medical contributions provide overwhelming support for the families and communities who need it most. With so many different services that assist communities in a multitude of ways, Chai Lifeline demonstrates their passion for allowing children and their families to feel hope, comfort, and above all, a sense of normalcy.
Central Park is one of the best places in Manhattan to enjoy the changing seasons, go running (or ice skating), and experience world class cultural events. A visit to Central Park is a quintessential New York experience: ask any tourist about their itinerary, and it is sure to make the short list. But do tourists (or locals) know about the not-for-profit conservancy that keeps Central Park beautiful?
The Central Park Conservancy raises about 75% of the park’s annual budget, which makes them responsible for the essential work it takes to keep the park an iconic, safe, and lively place. But surprisingly, this was not always the case.
The Central Park Conservancy was formed in 1980 during a time when much of New York City’s public spaces weren’t as pristine. In fact, a New York Times story published on May 26, 1977 reported, “In Central Park, the once‐green lawn of the Sheep Meadow is wearing away, gradually becoming a dust bowl with overuse.” Continued the article, “At the Bethesda Fountain, drugs are sold routinely, and the Duck Pond each night becomes a receptacle for beer and soda cans.”
During this dark time when Belvedere Castle was tagged with graffiti and its meteorological equipment routinely smashed or stolen, things were very different than they are today. Central Park was considered a dangerous place to walk alone, especially at night.
“Believe it or not,” says Elizabeth W. Smith, President and CEO of the Conservancy, “Central Park was a place not to go.” She recalls carrying the mandatory pepper spray in her purse for her rare outings into the Park. “Actually going to Central Park wasn’t on anyone’s radar.” The design elements that make the park a peaceful refuge from the city — secluded woodlands, hidden coves, paths that curve and dip from sight — also made the park hard to protect from crime.
In other words, things were stacked against the Conservancy, but it came out triumphant.
In 1980, a group of concerned New Yorkers decided enough was enough and banded together to improve the park.
So where did they start? Recollects former president and CEO of the Central Park Conservancy, Doug Blonsky, it was by “re-sodding the Sheep Meadow, restoring the Dairy, planting American Elms, getting rid of graffiti, and fixing broken benches.”
He added, “These early successes proved we could take on bigger projects and we did.” In 1983, 1,500 of the iconic luminaire lamp posts were installed to make the park safer.
In 1985, after a three-year study, The Conservancy published Rebuilding Central Park: A Management and Restoration Plan, which was basically a 15-year plan for the recovery of Central Park. And in keeping with their projections, in 1987, the Bethesda Terrace was reopened after an extensive four-year restoration, the success of which exemplified the usefulness of long term planning and organization.
Central Park is an ongoing success story because it is indeed ongoing. For almost 40 years the Park Conservancy has been very organized and specific in how it utilizes charitable and city funds to handle the massive task of upkeeping the 840-acre park.
Addressing ongoing plans for the Park, Smith stated, “Now that the Park is largely restored — although its extraordinarily heavy use will always demand significant investment year after year — our challenge is: How do we create a model of sustainability to ensure that Central Park always stays beautiful, and that we continue to innovate and develop best practices in park management? And how do we send this message with a sense of urgency?”
It’s a lot to juggle, but it’s worth it to keep America’s most iconic big city park as majestic as it was when it was created out of farmland 160 years ago.
The Charatan/Holm Family Foundation has long fortified local nonprofits that support the arts, culture, and distinguished Jewish initiatives. The Jewish Museum checks all of those boxes, making it a natural choice for our charitable investment. Located along New York City’s Museum Mile, The Jewish Museum has been a beloved destination since its founding in 1904. It was the first institution of its kind in the United States, and is one of the oldest Jewish museums in the world.
Through its extensive collection of artwork, ceremonial objects and artifacts, The Jewish Museum articulates a collective Jewish experience that’s inclusive of many voices and informed by many viewpoints. The collection spans countries across the globe and stretches back through more than 4,000 years, from the ancient to the contemporary. The Jewish Museum is arguably the most ambitious exploration of Jewish culture and identity on display today, featuring seminal exhibitions, a comprehensive educational program, and interactive features that engage visitors of all ages and backgrounds.
One of the largest and most important collections in the world, the Jewish Museum currently contains over 30,000 objects, which include paintings, sculptures, works on paper, photography, installations, media, archeological artifacts, antiquities, and ceremonial objects. Excluding Israeli museums, The Jewish Museum houses the largest collection of Jewish art and cultural artifacts in the world.
Current exhibits include the cross-disciplinary, contemporary artwork of Camille Chaimowicz; the Expressionist paintings of Chaim Soutine; and the paintings of contemporary artist Eliza Douglas. There’s also Archaeology Zone: Discovering Treasures from Playgrounds to Palaces, an interactive exhibition that allows children to act as archaeologists and analyze artifacts for clues that can place the objects in their appropriate historical time, place and context. The Museum’s ongoing exhibition, Scenes from the Collection, features over 600 pieces of art and artifacts, many of which are on view for the very first time. For this, the building’s entire third floor is used to showcase Jewish art and artifacts together, in the hopes of highlighting Jewish values and affirming how those convictions are shared among people of all faiths and backgrounds around the world.
In the Museum’s careful efforts to show the diversity of Jewish experience, the collection is divided into seven different sections that reveal how art and the presentation of history are shaped by context and perspective. Together, these seven elements speak to the many strands of Jewish tradition, culture, spirituality, and history, harnessing multiple perspectives on what it means – and has meant throughout history – to be Jewish. Artists include Diane Arbus, Salvador Dali, Gustav Klimt, Annie Leibovitz, Pablo Picasso, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Wim Wenders, Jonathan Adler, Miriam Schapiro, Alice Aycock, and many, many others. Since the 1960s the Museum has actively engaged in the contemporary art scene. Its exhibition Primary Structures is credited with helping to launch the Minimalist art movement of the 1960s and 1970s.
In addition to its exhibitions and collections, the Museum holds a range of events, including lectures and conversations, author talks, film screenings, artist-led studio programs, performances and concerts, and the New York Jewish Film Festival, which it launched in 1992.
In a time when so much rhetoric and hateful speech has been wielded in a divisive attempt to magnify and demonize our differences, The Jewish Museum is an important institution that celebrates those differences within the context of their universality, reminding us of our humanity and the similarities at our core. At the Charatan/Holm Foundation, we believe in supporting organizations that foster stronger communities, and The Jewish Museum continues to contribute to our city’s vibrancy, while influencing Jewish dialogue, discourse and unity around the world.
This spring, I went on a trip to the places where my parents were born. Along with my family and other passionate travelers, I explored the Ukraine and Poland on a remarkable pilgrimage made possible by The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The trip they sponsored was attended by about 40 people in late May to early June. It was a once-in-a-lifetime journey that I won’t soon forget.
The children of immigrants and refugees don’t always get to explore their roots so physically, emotionally, and intimately. As the daughter of Holocaust survivors, it was a privilege to help organize and take part in such an opportunity this year. I saw where my mom and dad were raised, where they lived, and in the case of my father, persecuted and hidden from Nazis during WWII. It was a journey back in time that brought to light the pain and passion of my ancestors that I carry in my heart to this day.
My father was from a town called Lvov, once a famous and populous city in Poland. Now Lviv, it’s part of the Ukraine, where it is considered a little dangerous and welcomes few visitors. We were able to find the neighborhood my dad lived in and, somewhat astonishingly, visit the actual house he was born in as well. Later, he would suffer in a concentration camp called Janowska, which after all this time is used as a prison (we were unable to visit). Considering that in all concentration camps in Poland are memorial sites, the fact that this one is still used is disturbing.
Then we went to where my mother was born: a bucolic, beautiful town called Busk. My mother’s entire family lived in this village; it was incredible to see and experience many of the same things she grew up seeing and experiencing.
I should also mention that there was a Polish family that hid my father and his family during the war. He was housed in a bunker on their farm, an act that saved his life as well as his parents, brother, and three friends. My uncle even wrote about this experience in a book: Eye to Eye: A Memoir of the Nazi Holocaust in Poland.
I invited one of the great grandchildren from this family to come on the trip and was delighted when they joined us for part of it. I hoped we could see the bunker firsthand and understand where my father and his family were sheltered. Alas, the world is a different place: nobody could find the bunker.
That was an extraordinarily meaningful part of the trip for me and my family, and the first part of our journey.
After our visit to Ukraine, we went to Poland and visited Warsaw and Krakow. My father spent time in Krakow after the war, and his brother gave me some addresses of nightclubs and places they lived and visited. We were able to retrace his steps and relive his time enjoying life after his harrowing experience during the war.
My uncle also gave me an address in Lviv so that I could find a factory called the Schwartz factory where my father’s sister was killed. She was the only sibling not hidden in the bunker, and unfortunately didn’t make it. I went to where that factory was, but there was something going on militarily so I couldn’t get in.
In total, we visited five or six concentration camps/death camps on this trip. This was about as depressing as you’d expect. For others it was more depressing than it was for me; I have lived with it my whole life as the daughter of survivors and understood their struggle and its aftermath well. When you’ve never lived with it and see it, it’s mind-blowing.
After we saw all of this in Krakow, I met up with a man named Jonathan Ornstein who runs the JCC (Jewish Community Center) there. A Jewish kid from Long Island now in his 40s, Jonathan met us in Krakow and shed a whole new light on the history and legacy of our Jewish heritage. We were fed delicious homemade food which we enjoyed partaking in with our hosts. They talked about growth and renewal and showed us the beauty of Judaism and life more generally after so much pain.
One thing Jonathan said that I found interesting was that often visitors will walk in the JCC and reveal that they are Jewish but didn’t know it. For instance, one Jewish woman was given away as a child to a Catholic couple after her parents died, which was not uncommon at the time. She was told never to say that she was Jewish, but at age 80 finally shared this information with her granddaughter. The granddaughter didn’t know what to do, so she went to the JCC. With the danger associated with Judaism lifted and youngsters going back to their roots, Jewish life is experiencing rejuvenation, a miraculous occurrence for our faith and heritage. It was amazing to go to the JCC and hear these stories.
This trip was moving in countless ways and I consider myself blessed to have been able to share it with family and friends. I am also grateful to the US Holocaust Memorial Museum for making it possible for us to travel with such purpose — a purpose I will keep close to my heart for years to come.
Synagogues have always served a larger role in our communities than mere places of worship. They are sites for neighbors to gather, share experiences, celebrate traditions, educate one another, engage in activism, and so much more.
New York City is home to a bevy of outstanding synagogues, but perhaps none is better known than the famous Park East Synagogue. This is the kind of place from which politicians deliver their remarks. The kind of place whose rabbi of more than 50 years, Rabbi Arthur Schneier, was knighted by the Roman Catholic Church to honor his work promoting world peace and religious freedom. The kind of place inclusive to all people seeking spiritual growth, regardless of their degree of observance, knowledge of Jewish faith or traditions, and affiliation. But perhaps most impressive is its focus on the community’s children, which manifests in an abundance of youth programs. And not just any youth programs, either. These are the youth programs that dreams are made of.
First and foremost is its school, Park East Day School. Founded over 25 years ago by Rabbi Arthur Schneier, the school has served students from preschool to eighth grade in a nurturing environment that promotes Jewish, humanistic values in an academically rigorous environment. The school features a well-rounded curriculum, rich with STEM offerings and religious studies, but also intent on providing ample exposure to athletics and the arts, including visual art, dance, vocal music, and drama.
And that’s just the beginning. The synagogue runs Early Childhood summer programs, classes in Hebrew language and Jewish heritage classes through its Youth Enrichment Center, as well as trips into the city and beyond, including a trip to the Jewish Children’s Museum in Brooklyn. The center couches its educational pursuits between an exciting array of parties, carnivals, art projects, presentations, and even cruises. None of these programs aim to expose children to hours of rote memorization or mind-numbing lectures. Quite the opposite. Each offering is designed to appeal and educate by immersive, playful measures.
Park East is invested in shaping children’s shabbat experiences into memorable, enjoyable events. While adults worship in the main sanctuary, children attend the famous children’s service, which is held every shabbat and holiday. Created by Toby Einsidler, the inspirational program focuses on prayers and songs for shabbat, and portions of the Torah that can be examined through the lens of Jewish values. There are also art projects, lunch, games, and activities.
Children from Kindergarten through 6th grade have the option of joining the Junior Congregation. Participants rotate leading activities and delivering Parsha, which is followed by Parsha Trivia, as well as activities that may include Let’s Make a Deal, Minute to Win It, Match Game, Dress Up Esther, and so many others (including fun prizes). When children need to recharge, there’s the Shabbat Game Room for a variety of sports and popular gym games. Children can even join the youth group to partake in snowtubing, rock climbing, bowling, and more.
Park East is remarkable for the breadth of its many youth offerings, as well as the way in which the material is presented. All of Park East’s programs show a commitment to community-building and innovative education, meaning the learning is always fun and meaningful. It’s so refreshing to witness the way Park East makes Jewish children feel at home in their own skins and imparts to them a sense of pride. Whether these children are being shaped by poetry, music, game show-style trivia games, or ice-cream socials, it’s always enjoyable and it’s always a celebration, which seems like an appropriate and preferable approach to immerse a child into their own faith and heritage.
Park East Synagogue is so many things to our community and the city at large: a cultural icon, an architectural landmark, an eclectic congregation, and the scene for countless international and communal actions and initiatives. That is why the Charatan/Holm Family Foundation is proud to support its great work on all fronts. But beyond its papal visits, its lecture series with bestselling authors and foreign ambassadors, its world-famous rabbi knight that is both a Holocaust survivor and an active proponent of using religion to unite the world, beyond all of this, there are children who are feeling content and inspired as a result of its great work. And that, more than anything, will positively shape our collective future.